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Early childhood education and care in Canada 2001: Summary

Childcare Resource and Research Unit
August 2002, EN & FR

This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2001. This fifth edition presents a national snapshot of child care and early childhood education. It adds cross-Canada information on public kindergarten to provincial/ territorial information about regulated child care, maternity and parental leave and relevant demographic information. Together with 1992, 1995 and 1998 data compiled for earlier editions, these data reveal several noteworthy trends in ECEC over the decade.

NOTE: This BRIEFing NOTE is also available in French.

Is this as good as it gets? Child care as a test case for assessing the Social Union Framework Agreement

Martha Friendly

Martha Friendly examines how child care has fared for three years under the Social Union Framework Agreement. This article appeared in the Canadian Journal of Social Policy (2001) Issue 47, p 77-82.


Women, citizenship and Canadian child care policy in the 1990s

Vappu Tyyskä, PhD
Occasional paper 13
March 2001

Developments in Canadian child day care policy in the 1990s at the federal, provincial (Ontario) and municipal (Toronto and Peel) levels highlight the problems associated with the male model of citizenship. The political climate poses a particular threat to the social citizenship rights of women and members of lower socio-economic groups. Likewise, political citizenship is negatively affected, as most women's and advocacy organizations are dismissed by governments as "special interest groups".

Early childhood care and education in Canada: Provinces and territories 1998

Childcare Resource and Research Unit
4th edition
July 2000
ISBN 1-896051-19-7

Early childhood care and education in Canada: Provinces and territories 1998, (4th version) contains detailed material about child care in Canada organized by region. Includes child care services; funding; regulations; number of spaces; parental leave policies; service monitoring and enforcement; history and recent developments.

Download ECEC in Canada 1998

The full text of ECEC in Canada 1998 is available in pdf format from the links below.

Child care and Canadian federalism in the 1990s: Canary in a coal mine

Martha Friendly
Occasional paper 11
August 2000

This paper examines the federal/ provincial jurisdictional obstacles to a national child care strategy that arose in the 1990s, and whether the obstacles can be overcome. After examining the three failed attempts to secure a national child care strategy in the decade between 1984 and 1995, it analyses child care within the concept of the "social union" that began to be debated as the federal role in social programs waned in the 1990s.

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