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Effects of child–caregiver ratio on the interactions between caregivers and children in child-care centres: An experimental study

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Author: 
De Schipper, Elles J., Riksen-Walraven, Marianne & Geurts, Sabine A. E.
Publication Date: 
25 Jul 2007
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ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of child-caregiver ratio on the quality of caregiver-child interaction in child-care centers, 217 caregivers (ages 18-56 years) from 64 child care centers were observed during two structured play episodes: one with a group of three children and one with a group of 5 children. As predicted, a child-caregiver ratio of 3:1 produced a significantly higher quality of caregiver-child interaction than a ratio of 5:1 and particularly for younger children. Significant and meaningful effects were found for both the interactive behaviors of the caregivers and the children's well-being and cooperation. Significant correlations with caregiver-child interaction during lunchtime and throughout the remainder of the morning confirmed the ecological validity of the caregiver-child interactions observed during structured play episodes.

Citation

Elles J. de Schipper, Riksen-Walraven, J. M., & Sabine A. E. Geurts. (2006). Effects of child-caregiver ratio on the interactions between caregivers and children in child-care centers: An experimental study. Child Development, 77(4), 861-874. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00907.x

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Entered Date: 
8 Aug 2017
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