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About the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is an early childhood education and child care (ECEC) policy research institute with a mandate to further ECEC policy and programs in Canada.

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Parents’ and teachers’ perspectives on changes in childcare quality in the United States, Russia and Finland 20 Jun 2018 | International
This cross-cultural study was conducted over a period of two decades, between 1991 and 2011. The study explores different dimensions of quality that can be found in early child care for children between the ages of 3 and 5 in the United States, Russia and Finland. Educators, parents, and children were asked to evaluate quality, based on service use, how they view the importance of their cultural context and the role of government in service delivery.
Riding by riding analysis shows child poverty in Canada knows no boundaries 19 Jun 2018 | Canada
"With Canada’s first federal Poverty Reduction Strategy [PRS] expected within weeks, Campaign 2000 reveals a disturbing picture of the magnitude of child poverty in every federal riding. The ridings with the worst child poverty rates are home to the highest proportions of Indigenous and racialized people, recent immigrants and mostly mother-headed lone parent families. The report paints a stark portrait of inequality among children and recommends solutions and benchmarks necessary for the long-awaited strategy (Campaign 2000, 2018)." Recommendations include a PRS moored in legislation at the federal level, an Early Child Education and Care program for Canada developed with the provinces/territories and Indigenous communities but led by the federal government, as well as changes to maternity and parental leave programs that would increase access and benefit rates.
Workplace variation in fatherhood wage premiums: Do formalization and performance pay matter? 18 Jun 2018 | Canada
Parenthood contributes substantially to broader gender wage inequality. This article draws on data from the Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey (WES) to contextualize mechanisms responsible for the 3-10% net fatherhood wage premium in light of organizational structures and processes that potentially moderate their impact.
Parenthood and labour market outcomes 13 Jun 2018 | Australia and New Zealand
This study combines administrative monthly earnings data, birth records, and survey data on hours worked and earnings to describe the labour market outcomes of men and women as they have children, and how parenthood contributes to the gender pay gap in New Zealand. Women on average experience a 4.4% decrease in hourly wages upon becoming mother while men experience no significant decrease. Parenthood thus increases the gender gap in hourly wages.
Preschoolers' resource allocations align with their normative judgements 13 Jun 2018 | Europe
The researchers in this study found that preschool children who protested more against an agent distributing resources equally between a poor and a rich recipient, and affirmed giving more to a poor than to a rich recipient, the more they gave themselves to the poor. Overall, the results suggest that preschool children do act in accordance with their normative views.

Many social programs support families, but child care is the backbone of them all.

— National Council of Welfare, Preschool Children: Promises to Keep , 1999

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