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About Canada: Childcare

About Canada: Childcare by Martha Friendly and Susan Prentice

A sociological examination of the child care auspice debate

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Bruce K. Friesen, edited by Gillian Doherty
Occasional paper 6
1995
41pp
$10

Originally a doctoral theses, this paper presents in an abridged form, Friesen's examination of the differences in quality between for-profit and non-profit child care centres the structural features that give rise to these differences.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface and Acknowledgements

Chapter I - Introduction
Children and quality child care
Responses to the demand for child care
-Government involvement in child care as a result of World War II
-Government withdrawal from child care after WW1
-The move by for-profit organizations to address the need for child care
-The development of non-profit parent co-operative programs
-The current situation
Different sectors: different characteristics
-Current types of auspices in child care
-Structural differences between non-profit and for-profit organizations
-Differences in organizational goals between non-profit and for-profit organizations

Chapter II - Research Examining the Impact of Auspices in Child Care
The requirements for quality in child care
Studies comparing different auspices using a global measure of quality
Studies comparing the number of children per caregiver across auspices
Studies comparing the level of caregiver education across auspices
Studies comparing caregiver stability across auspices
Studies comparing the interaction between the caregiver and the child across auspices
Summary

Chapter III - The Calgary Day Care Study
Contextual considerations
Purposes
Sample
Data collection
Data analysis
a) the differences in quality by auspices
b) the differences in organizational characteristics by auspices
c) the relationship between organizational characteristics and quality of care
d) auspices, organizational characteristics, and quality of care
Findings
a) the difference in quality by auspices
b) the differences in organizational characteristics by auspices
c) the relationship between organizational characteristics and quality of care
d) auspices, organizational characteristics, and quality of care
Summary

Chapter IV - A Final Appraisal
Different goals, different operational characteristics, different quality
Policy option one: The elimination of for-profit child care
Policy option two: Ensure quality in for-profit child care through regulation
Conclusion

Endnotes
References

Appendix A - The Calgary Day Care Study - Day Care Director Survey: see Chapter 3
Appendix B - Differences in Operations Between Auspices: Anova
Appendix C - Differences in Organizational Structure Between Auspices: Anova
Appendix D - Differences in Directors Between Auspices: Anova
Appendix E - Full-time, Age and Tenure Differences in Cargivers Between Auspices: Anova
Appendix F -Training, Remunerative and Input Differences in Caregivers Between Auspices: Anova
Appendix G - Correlation of Day Care Operations, Structure, Directors and Caregivers with ITERS

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