This BRIEFing NOTE is the Executive summary of Targeting early childhood care and education: Myths and realities by Gillian Doherty (2001). This study reviews research literature about the effectiveness of targeting early childhood programs to selected populations as well as literature on the relative effectiveness of different kinds of programs that are intended to enhance or support child development.
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This paper describes the purposes that can be served by child care services and illustrates how it can advance social and economic objectives of national importance.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter I - Introduction
A definition of child care
The purposes that can be served by child care services
The importance of quality in child care services
Families sometimes have needs for child care which are not easily met by ordinary child care services. When a child is ill, when the usual caregiver is unable to provide care, or when other short-term child care emergencies arise, many families are unable to find care. Similarly, shiftworkers often find it difficult to make suitable arrangements for care for their children. Farmers and other rural workers often find it impossible to arrange reliable, convenient child care to meet their needs.
This paper, originally prepared for "Canada's children: The priority for the 90s: A national symposium" held by the Child Welfare League of America/Canada, Ottawa, October 27-30, 1991, describes Canada's child care arrangements and makes proposals for future developments.