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Low income and hardship among America's kindergartners

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Living at the edge research brief no. 3
Gershoff, Elizabeth
Publication Date: 
1 Sep 2003

Available in print for order (see SOURCE) and online for download.

Most of the families with incomes between 100-200 percent of the federal poverty level include at least one full-time working parent and even so continue to experience hardship, underscoring the importance of work supports such as child care subsidies. At least one in eight low-income families still cannot obtain health insurance for their children, have not taken their child to a dentist in the last year, and have moved three or more times in the child’s life.