On November 9, the Government of Canada announced changes to Employment Insurance benefits for parental/adoptive leave that will take effect December 3, 2017 (as previously announced in the 2017 Federal Budget statement). Eligible parents in Canada, outside Quebec, can choose between the Standard Parental Benefit or the Extended Parental Benefit. The Standard Parental Benefit provides 35 weeks for a period of up to 12 months at a rate of 55% of an eligible parent's average weekly earnings, to a maximum of $543 per week. With the Extended Parental Benefit, parents receive up to 61 weeks of benefits over 18 months at 33% of average weekly earnings, to a maximum of $326 per week.
Outside of federally regulated workplaces, where the changes will take effect December 3, the provinces/territories must make legislative and policy changes to define the conditions of job-protected leave that will allow the extended leave to become an option for new parents.
Birth mothers will now be eligible to receive benefits 12 weeks prior to their due date, compared to the existing 9 weeks before birth.
The announcement stimulated considerable public debate about the form and function of maternity/parental leave benefits in Canada, particularly with regard to eligibility, duration, the amount of the payment, gender issues, the alignment of parental leave with affordable child care and equity.
This page presents the new policies, responses and associated news coverage.
EI Maternity and Parental Benefits: Overview
Government of Canada, 7 June 2016
Budget 2017: Building a strong middle class, Expanding Employment Insurance Benefits to offer more flexibility for families
Government of Canada, 22 March 2017
Announcement: Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development
The Star, 9 November 2017
Responses and Comments
Parental-leave rich and parental-leave poor: Inequality in Canadian labour market based leave policies
Journal of Industrial Relations, 25 May 2016
CCAAC Responds to new EI Maternity and Parental Benefits: New EI parental benefits reinforce existing inequities and won't make up for the lack of affordable infant child care
Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada, 24 October 2016
Proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave: Response to the federal government consultation from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit
Childcare Resource and Research Unit, 27 October 2016
Parental benefits in Canada: Which way forward?
Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1 March 2017
Should all employers match the federal government's new 18-month parental leave plan?
CBC Radio One, 12 November 2017
Editorial: Ottawa should do better on improving parental leave
Toronto Star, 9 November 2017
Longer parental leave could worsen gender equality, says UBC prof
Metro News, 13 November 2017
New rules on parental leave miss the mark, Women's Network says
CBC News, 9 November 2017
Opinion: New family care policies provide more flexibility, but for whom?
Toronto Star, 13 November 2017
Researchers say longer parental leave misses the mark
The Brock News, 23 March 2017
Expanded parental leave, new caregiver benefit to come into effect Dec. 3
The Globe and Mail, 9 November 2017
Why not all parents benefit from Canada’s parental-leave program
TVO, 15 January 2018
18 months an option for mat leave, but be prepared for lower weekly benefits
The Telegram, 18 January 2018