Women, citizenship and Canadian child care policy in the 1990s

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Vappu Tyyskä, PhD
14 Mar 2001
Occasional paper 13


Developments in Canadian child day care policy in the 1990s at the federal, provincial (Ontario) and municipal (Toronto and Peel) levels highlight the problems associated with the male model of citizenship. The political climate poses a particular threat to the social citizenship rights of women and members of lower socio-economic groups. Likewise, political citizenship is negatively affected, as most women's and advocacy organizations are dismissed by governments as "special interest groups". Based on their outsider status in official politics, and lacking stable alliances, these organizations are drawn toward political solutions that may prove palatable to governments in the short run but may undermine general claims for child care as a universal rather than a targeted service.

Table of contents

Women's social rights
Women, federalism and dependency discourse
Federalism and child care policy
Women, federalism and political citizenship
Child care in the province of Ontario
Municipal problems: City of Toronto and Region of Peel
End notes
About the Author / Acknowledgments

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