Child care: Canada can’t work without it

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Gillian Doherty, Ruth Rose, Martha Friendly, Donna Lero, Sharon Hope Irwin
14 Jan 1995
Occasional paper 5


This paper describes the purposes that can be served by child care services and illustrates how it can advance social and economic objectives of national importance.



Executive Summary

Chapter I - Introduction
A definition of child care
The purposes that can be served by child care services
The importance of quality in child care services

Chapter II - Funding
Federal Funding
Provincial and territorial funding
Municipal funding
The impact of the current funding mechanisms on the users of child care services

Chapter III - Accessibility
The availability of spaces
Hours of operation
Child care for children with special needs
Child care for Aboriginal peoples
Child care and cultural diversity
Chapter summary

Chapter IV - Salaries, Benefits, And Working Conditions
Working conditions
Unique issues of family day care providers
Domestic workers

Chapter V - A Framework For Federal Government Action
The market model and the public good model
The implications of the market model
Model for providing child care services
Funding options
Criteria and standards

Chapter VI - Recommendations
Who should have access to child care services?
Guiding principles
The requirements of a national child care system
Specific recommendations

Endnotes, References

Appendix A - Key Informants List
Appendix B - Recurring Grants, Canada, 1993
Appendix C - The Canada Assistance Plan
Appendix D - Net Annual Cost of Child Care by Income Level
Appendix E - An Evaluation of the Impact of Various Funding Options on Three Possible National Objectives
Appendix F - An Example of an Existing Comprehensive Child Care Service

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