Current edition of ECEC in Canada available for download in PDF format
Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2021 is the Childcare Resource and Research Unit’s 13th compilation of cross-Canada, longitudinal data and information about regulated early learning and child care (ELCC), kindergarten and parental leave. The report integrates administrative data provided by provincial/territorial officials (its primary source of information), data from Statistics Canada, from other research and information from public sources. The ECEC in Canada reports have been published about every two years since 1992, reliably serving as Canada's sole source of consistently collected and mostly comparable data on ELCC over time and across the country. See the ECEC in Canada backgrounder for details. See the ECEC in Canada archive for previous editions.
This 13th edition is especially important as it provides both a snapshot of ELCC in Canada as it began to move out of the COVID-19 pandemic, and benchmarks on key indicators at the very beginning of implementing the Canada-Wide Early Learning and Child Care (CWELCC) agreements and action plans. As CWELCC will continue to substantially impact ELCC provision, the child care workforce, parents, women's labour force participation and policy going forward, this report will provide indispensable data for identifying and analyzing these combined effects.
The report provides detailed provincial/territorial descriptive information on kindergarten and regulated child care programs (e.g. educator/teacher qualifications, wages, ratios, group/class size, curriculum, governance, affordability, and availability of spaces) as well as ELCC funding and pertinent demographic data such as the number of children, mothers' employment rates and more. It also offers a Canada-wide overview of ELCC governance, First Nations, Métis and Inuit ELCC, and parental leave.
ECEC in Canada 2021 is published in the hope of playing a key role in contributing insights valuable to new public policy development as all levels of governments continue to implement their parts of the CWELCC plan in the years ahead.
Table of Contents
NOTE: A linked table of contents is in the full publication.
Provinces and territories
Download ECEC in Canada 2021
|Early Childhood Education and Care 2021 (full publication)||7.18 MB|
|Acknowledgements, Table of Contents, About & Data Source||738.78 KB|
|State of Canadian ELCC in 2022||500.98 KB|
|How ELCC is organized: Government roles and responsibilities||504.14 KB|
|Parental leaves and benefits||486.2 KB|
|Federal ELCC programs||464.4 KB|
|ELCC for First Nations, Métis and Inuit children and families||897.79 KB|
|ECEC 2021: Newfoundland and Labrador||1.52 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Prince Edward Island||1.52 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Nova Scotia||1.76 MB|
|ECEC 2021: New Brunswick||1.57 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Quebec||1.98 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Ontario||1.93 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Manitoba||1.63 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Saskatchewan||1.57 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Alberta||1.84 MB|
|ECEC 2021: British Columbia||1.73 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Yukon||1.77 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Northwest Territories||1.85 MB|
|ECEC 2021: Nunavut||1.73 MB|
|Comparative tables: The big picture||1.78 MB|
|Comparative tables: The long view||796 KB|