Summary and analysis of key findings: ECEC 2021 and beyond

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Cover of "Summary and analysis of key findings:  ECEC 2021 and beyond" publication
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
28 Apr 2023
ISBN: 978-1-896051-79-6

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Summary and analysis of key findings: ECEC 2021 and beyond
Résumé et analyse des principaux résultats: Éducation à la petite enfance et services de garde au Canada en 2021 et au-delà


Executive summary

This summary and analysis of key findings about the state of early learning and child care in Canada is based on Early childhood education and care in Canada 2021 (April 2023) and its previous editions beginning in 1992. ECEC in Canada 2021 covers the period between 2019 and early 2023. Its numerical data is primarily for 2021 but the descriptive information captures changes in policy, provision and funding occurring throughout the period 2019 – March 2023.

ECEC in Canada 2021 is the Childcare Resource and Research Unit’s 13th Canada-wide comprehensive report on early childhood education and care. The full report includes detailed sections on each province/territory, 35 tables, and sections about the significant recent changes to early learning and child care, government roles and responsibilities, parental leave and First Nations, Métis and Inuit ELCC.

All ECEC in Canada publications are available free of charge for download on the CRRU website.

Table of contents

Note: A linked table of contents is in the full publication.

Canada-wide developments


First Nations, Métis and Inuit ELCC

Availability, enrolment and coverage

Ownership of child care services

Types of child care services

The child care workforce

Parent fees and affordability

Public funding for regulated child care

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ECEC in Canada