This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes the recommendations provided in the OECD Thematic Review of ECEC: Canada Country Note.
Canada was the seventeenth country to be visited as part of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Thematic Review of ECEC. Prior to the visit, a Background Report on ECEC policy in Canada was prepared by Gillian Doherty, Martha Friendly and Jane Beach.
This economic study concludes that for every dollar invested in high quality child care, there is a two dollar benefit to children, parents and society. The study calculates the costs and benefits of providing publicly funded early childhood care and education for all children 2-5 years of age-those whose mothers are in the paid workforce, as well as those whose mothers are not.
This traditional economic cost-benefit analysis concludes that:
This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes The benefits and costs of good child care: The economic rationale for public investment in young children by Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky, Economics, Division of Management, University of Toronto at Scarborough.
Summary originally released 1998. Reprinted November 2003.
This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes Fact and fantasy : Eight myths about early childhood education and care by Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky, Economics, Division of Management, University of Toronto at Scarborough.
This BRIEFing NOTE is a chart displaying Ontario government expenditures on child care from 1942 to the present. An internal Ontario government policy paper leaked to the Toronto Star in November 2001 sets out the removal of $200 million from the provincial budget for regulated child care (currently approximately $470 million which includes funding for regulated child care and family resource programs).
This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes Child care by default or design? An exploration of differences between non-profit and for-profit Canadian child care centres using the You Bet I Care! data sets (Occasional paper 18).
In the 21st century, new technologies, rapid globalization, a shift away from traditional employment patterns and recognition that ongoing renewal of knowledge and skills is essential have contributed to a new emphasis on "lifelong learning". There is general agreement that strategies for lifelong learning should incorporate a "cradle to grave" or life-cycle approach so that a continuum of learning encompasses early childhood through youth, the working years and the senior years.
Martha Friendly examines how child care has fared for three years under the Social Union Framework Agreement. This article appeared in the Canadian Journal of Social Policy (2001) Issue 47, p 77-82.