BRIEFing NOTES

BRIEFing NOTES

Ratios for four and five year olds: What does the research say? What else is important?

Publication
Martha Friendly, Carolyn Ferns and Nina Prabhu
June 2009
4pp

 

Research and expert perspectives agree that one of the key elements that determines the quality of an early childhood education and care program is the number of adults to children - the ratio. However, it is also clear that the adult: child ratio is not the sole quality-determining element. Other important elements, especially training and qualifications, interact with ratio to form the structural and pedagogical base for quality in an ECEC program.

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From vision to action: Early childhood education and care in 2020

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Publication
Martha Friendly and Susan Prentice
November 1 2008
7pp

 

This BRIEFing NOTE presents a vision for what an universal early childhood education and care system in Canada might look like from the program to the policy level. It explores the potential for Canada to move from a patchwork of disjointed programs - many of them of mediocre quality -to a comprehensive high quality system and suggests changes that would put such a system in place.

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Why Canada can’t work without good child care: How early childhood education and care supports the economy

Publication
Martha Friendly
September 2008
4pp

 

Many economists argue that government spending on people should not be contracting when the economy needs stimulation . Failing to invest in people - especially through investments like good quality early childhood education and child care - is bad economics. The evidence shows that universal community-based systems of high quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) are part of the backbone of strong economies: ECEC has short-term, medium-term and long-term economic and social impacts on children, their parents, the labourforce, local economies and the larger economy.

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Canada-wide spending on early childhood education and care 2005/2006

Publication
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
September 2006
1pp

 

This factsheet includes: Total public spending for ECEC, Total public spending for ECEC as a percent of GDP and Public spending on regulated child care and kindergarten by province/territory in the 2005/2006 fiscal year.

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The state of the national child care program and provincial/territorial contexts, March 2006

Publication
Martha Friendly and Carolyn Ferns
March 2006
4pp

 

This BRIEFing NOTE provides an update of the current state of the national child care program in Canada. It features a short introduction to recent developments in ELCC, from the 2004 election campaign to March 2006. It includes a table summarizing selected features of provincial/territorial contexts, including:

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OECD Thematic Review of Canadian Early Childhood Education and Care: Highlights from the recommendations

Publication
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
October 2004
4pp

 

This BRIEFing NOTE summarizes the recommendations provided in the OECD Thematic Review of ECEC: Canada Country Note.

Canada was the seventeenth country to be visited as part of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Thematic Review of ECEC. Prior to the visit, a Background Report on ECEC policy in Canada was prepared by Gillian Doherty, Martha Friendly and Jane Beach.

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Is child care a good public investment?

Publication
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
August 2004
4pp

 

EXCERPTS

This economic study concludes that for every dollar invested in high quality child care, there is a two dollar benefit to children, parents and society. The study calculates the costs and benefits of providing publicly funded early childhood care and education for all children 2-5 years of age-those whose mothers are in the paid workforce, as well as those whose mothers are not.

This traditional economic cost-benefit analysis concludes that:

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