ECEC in Canada

ECEC in Canada

Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2021

Cover of publication with pictures of children
Jane Beach, Martha Friendly, Ngọc Thơ (Tegan) Nguyễn, Patrícia Borges-Nogueira, Matthew Taylor, Sophia Mohamed, Laurel Rothman, Barry Forer
13th edition
ISBN: 978-1-896051-78-9

Current edition of ECEC in Canada available for download in PDF format

February 21, 2024, CRRU released a revised version of ECEC in Canada 2021 (full publication). Any substantive errors in both the main report and the English and French summary reports were revised. Individual chapters are available for download below.


Early childhood education and care in Canada: Background information

Image of document
Friendly, Martha
Originally developed September 10, 2018. Updated July 15, 2020 & April 24, 2023


Between 1992 and 2023, the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) has developed thirteen versions of ECEC in Canada. This 13-report series is unique in a number of ways. As such, it has to date reliably served as Canada’s sole source of consistently collected and presented, cross-Canada, longitudinal data and information about regulated child care, kindergarten and parental leave.


A summary of the Canada-wide early learning and child care agreements and action plans

Cover of "A summary of the Canada-wide early learning and child care agreements and action plans" publication
Child Care Resource and Research Unit
2nd edition
ISBN: 978-1-896051-80-2

Executive summary

This document, which provides a summary of selected elements of  the Canada-Wide Early Learning and Child Care initiative (CWELCC)  introduced in 2021, is a supplementary paper to Early childhood education and care in Canada 2021


Early childhood education and care in Canada 2016

Cover of 'Early childhood education and care in Canada 2016'
Martha Friendly, Elise Larsen, Laura Feltham, Bethany Grady, Barry Forer, Michelle Jones
11th Edition
30 Apr 2018
ISBN 978-1-896051-65-9

Available for download in pdf format

ECEC in Canada 2016 full publication (Revised 25/8/2018). Publication sections available for download below.

Key findings

ECEC in Canada 2016: Key Findings (Revised 31/5/2018, 3pp)